HE-ḤALUTZ

HE-ḤALUTZ
HE-ḤALUTZ (Heb. "the Pioneer"), periodical of Jewish scholarship, edited by Joshua (Osias) Heschel schorr , which appeared in Lemberg, Breslau, Prague, Frankfurt on the Main, and Vienna from 1852 to 1889. Schorr, a second generation Galician maskil, devoted the periodical principally to incisive and radical criticism of the Talmud, attempting to prove by a series of studies that the talmudists had adapted Jewish tradition to their time and that later generations were therefore also permitted to do the same. Accordingly, Schorr argued that the words of the talmudists need not be accepted as necessarily applicable to modern times. Such pointed and bold criticism had almost never before been voiced in the Hebrew language. For his radical stand and the wit of his expression, Schorr was called the "Voltaire of Galicia." Publishing He-Ḥalutz with his own funds, Schorr, a man of wealth, could be independent. At first others who held similar views, such as Abraham geiger and abraham krochmal , contributed to the periodical. Later, however, Schorr himself wrote all the material which included satires directed against the rabbis and topical articles, written in a critical, sarcastic vein, directed against the rabbinic-talmudic tradition. He-Ḥalutz, in turn, was denounced by all those it criticized. But this only served to increase the wit and sharpness of Schorr's writing. The scholarly research that appeared in He-Ḥalutz had the effect of supporting radical reform, although that was not the editor's intention. He-Ḥalutz greatly influenced M.L. Lilienblum and J.L. Gordon, the advocates of religious reform in Russia. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Kressel, Leksikon, 2 (1967), 896f.; Spicehandler, in: HUCA, 40–41 (1969–70), 503–22. (Getzel Kressel)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • halutz — [khä lo͞ots′, hälo͞ots′] n. pl. halutzim [khälo͞ot sēm′, hälo͞ot sēm′] [Heb chaluts, lit., warrior in the vanguard < root ḥlc, to be in the vanguard] a Jewish pioneer in the agricultural settlements of modern Israel …   English World dictionary

  • Halutz, Dan — (1948 )    Born in Tel Aviv. In 1966, he began his military career in the Israel Air Force (IAF) pilots course as a cadet, completing it in 1968 as a fighter pilot and serving from the end of 1969 in the first Phantom squadron of the IAF. Halutz… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Halutz — n. family name; Dan Halutz (born 1948), the 18th Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (since 2005), Israeli Lieutenant General, former commander of the Israeli Air Force …   English contemporary dictionary

  • halutz — /khah loohts /, n., pl. halutzim Seph. /khah looh tseem /; Ashk. /khah looh tsim/. Hebrew. a person who immigrates to Israel to establish or join a settlement for accomplishing tasks, as clearing the land or planting trees, that are necessary to… …   Universalium

  • Halutz — ( Pioneer )    A term used in the Zionist Movement and in Israel to designate an individual who devoted himself or herself to the ideals of settlement and upbuilding Jewish Palestine with physical labor, especially in agriculture …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • halutz —    (singular); halutzim, chalutzim (plural)    (khah LOOTS, khah loot SEEM) [Modern Hebrew: pioneer] A pioneer Jewish farmer in Israel; a person who settles in Israel to work in construction, such as clearing the land or developing some part of… …   Dictionary of foreign words and phrases

  • halutz — ha·lutz …   English syllables

  • halutz — ha•lutz or chalutz [[t]xɑˈluts[/t]] n. pl. ha•lutz•im [[t]ˌxɑ luˈtsim[/t]] jud a Jew immigrating to Israel to help develop the land • Etymology: 1920–25; < ModHeb ḥaluṣ lit., pioneer …   From formal English to slang

  • halutz — …   Useful english dictionary

  • HE-ḤALUTZ — (Heb. הֶחָלוּץ; the pioneer ), an association of Jewish youth whose aim was to train its members to settle on the land in Israel. The original meaning of the Hebrew word is the vanguard that leads the host on its advance (Josh. 6:13). Origin of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Dan Halutz — (דן חלוץ) Born August 7, 1948 Tel Aviv, Israel …   Wikipedia

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